About Elephants

Females and males live almost separately.
An average of 10 females and cubs live in one family.
This family usually includes three or four cubs.
The cubs range from newborn to about 12 years old.
The family leads the oldest female family.
The males who live apart from the family all share a certain area.
The population ranges from hundreds to thousands.
These areas are about 250 kilometers from the plant-rich rainforest.
Wild elephants are used to eat more than 16 hours a day.
Elephants like to bathe in lakes and rivers and wallow in mud.
Elephants eat about 140 kilograms of plants a day.   I eat 150 liters of water a day.
I usually walk at 5 to 10 kilometers per hour.
On long trips, all families walk at about 16 kilometers per hour.
Elephants cannot run long distances because of their weight.
A male elephant can mate at the age of 10 to 14 years old.
But in reality, it takes more than 30 years to mate.
On average, they start mating in 12 years.
We give birth every four or five years from 13 to 14.
The gestation period for elephants is 22 months.
Elephants give birth to one each, but sometimes they give birth.
Males stay with their mothers when they are about 14 years old and females stay with their mothers when their mothers die.   At first, they are breastfed and survive, but after three to four months they begin to eat grass.
Wild elephants live up to 60 years and zoo elephants live 65 years.
Almost all elephants die of hunger when their teeth fall out and
 they cannot chew their food.


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